Geography of Raigad
Height = 2900 ft.
Mountains = Sahyadri
Height from sea 2851 ft. from north to east there is Kaal River. On its west you will find Gandhari River also on west Ligana Mountain.
You can see Rajgad,Torana,Makarand gad,Pratapgad,Vasota killa.
Since this fort is surrounded by mountains and forest it was very difficult to win or attack. Also it was on height so part of SWARAJYA can watched from it. CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ decided to make this fort as CAPITAL (rajdhani) of SWARAJYA.
RAIGAD was known as RAYARI. In the kingdom of Nijam this fort was used as prison.
On 6th April 1656 CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ attack on Rayari.
He won this fort in May 1656 and decided to rebuilt and make it safe place as CAPITAL.
This fort was known as 15 different names
1]Raigad 2] Rayari 3] Eslamgad 4] Nandadip 5] Jambudwip 6] Tanas 7] Rashivata 8] Badenur 9] Raygiri 10]Rajgiri 11]Bhivgad 12]Reddi 14]Shivlanka 15] Eastern Gibraltar
The biggest event on this fort is SHIVRAJYABHISHEK i.e. on Saturday 6th june 1664.
After CHATRAPATI SAMBHAJI MAHARAJ, RAJARAM MAHARAJ RAJYABHISHEK was done on this fort.
CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ’S life end on this fort.
There is CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ SAMADHI on this fort.
In February 1684 MOGAL SAMRAT AURANGJEB sent SHAHBUDDIN KHAN with 40 thousand armed warrior to attack on RAIGAD .but they can’t make it so they burn villages near by RAIGAD and went back in March 1685.
MOGAL SAMRAT AURANGJEB attempted one more time with Vajir Asad Khan and son Etikad Khan/Zulfikar Khan on 25th March 1689.
On 5th April 1690 CHATRAPATI RAJARAM run away to PRATAPGAD after 8 month latter SURYAJI PISAL scab with SWARAJYA and gave charges of RAIGAD to MOGAL. MOGAL changed its name to ISLAMGAD.
On 5th June 1733 SHAHU MAHARAJ took it back and names it RAIGAD as before.
Spot on FORT=
Khubladha Buruj [chitta darawaja]
Nana darawaja [short darawaja]
Rajyasabha [place of Rajyabhishek]